What you should know about E Coli

E coli are group of bacteria that can cause many of illnesses including diarrhea, urinary tract infection, respiratory illnesses, pneumonia and other problems. There are lots of E coli types that are harmful. E coli is found in the intestinal tract of humans and animals. The most common source of E. coli in humans comes from cattle. You can get E. coli by eating meat that is not coked properly and from close contact of humans who have E. coli.

Symptoms

  • Stomach cramps
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • fever (normally not over 101)

Some symptoms normally resolve within 5-7 days, not many cases of E. coli are serious   but most are mild. Symptoms of an infection start after 3-5 days after you are exposed to the bacteria. However symptoms can occur earlier or later than 10 days.  5%-10 % of people with E. coli can result with kidney failure. This is the most serious complication which is called hemolytic uremic syndrome. (HUS) some symptoms for this serious syndrome are…

  • Fatigue
  • Loss of color in cheeks and under eye lids
  • Decreased regularity of urination

Treatment

  • Staying hydrated (drinking electrolyte drinks.)
  • Antibiotics are not affective.

(Treatments will depend on symptoms.)

Preventing

  • Wash hands regularly
  • Cook meat properly
  • Avoid raw dairy products
  • Wash cutting boards properly after preparing raw meats

Ref : http://www.cdc.gov/ecoli/general/index.html

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